The Briggs dissent

The Briggs dissent

Click to read the Briggs dissent

Judge Waring’s 1951 dissent in Briggs v. Elliott was historic for civil rights in America, as outlined in “The dissent that changed America” in The National Law Journal:

The Waring dissent represented the first instance in the 55 years since Plessy that a federal judge concluded that racial segregation was incompatible with the American Constitution, even if an effort had been made to equalize the segregated facilities. The Briggs lawsuit would eventually wind itself onto the Supreme Court’s docket and be consolidated with four other cases under the name Brown v. Board of Education.